pq 16 convoy

02/12/2020
pq 16 convoy

This page was last edited on 4 June 2020, at 11:08. A teherhajók és kísérőik 1942. május 21-én indultak el Reykjavíkból.A 36 hajóból nyolcat elsüllyesztettek a németek. Il part de Reykjavik en Islande le 21 mai 1942 et arrive à Mourmansk en URSS[1] le 30 mai 1942. German aircraft sighted the convoy on 28 April while it was 250 nautical miles (463 km) southwest of Bear Island. The close escort was led by the destroyer HMS Ashanti (Cdr. Un article de Wikipédia, l'encyclopédie libre. Read more about them. Le convoi PQ 16est le nom de coded'un convoialliédurant la Seconde Guerre mondiale. Lorsque le convoi PQ 16 est assemblé au large de l'Islande, Winston Churchill a déclaré que les convois seraient utile même si 50 % des navires ne passent qu'au travers. It sailed on 25 May 1942, reaching the Soviet northern ports on 30 May after five days of air attacks that left seven ships sunk and three damaged; 25 of the ships arrived safely. Convoy PQ 13 cruising order, escorts, ships sunk, reports. Convoy PQ 16 was an Arctic convoy sent from Great Britain by the Western Allies to aid the Soviet Union during the Second World War. The convoy consisted of forty merchant ships (11 British, 20 US, six Soviet and three Panamanian) and four Fleet auxiliaries; two oilers, a rescue ship and a CAM ship. ; New to Wikipedia? Le convoi PQ 18, composé de 40 bâtiments lourdement chargés, quitte Loch Ewe, en Écosse, le 2 septembre 1942, sous la protection d'une cinquantaine navires d'escorte, dont le porte-avions d'escorte HMS Avenger — qui est le navire de ce type à accompagner un convoi de l'Arctique — et deux croiseurs antiaériens [1].. Deux forces maritimes britanniques se trouvent dans la zone. Leur puissance de feu supplémentaire permet de repousser toutes les nouvelles attaques aériennes. Les navires de transport lourd du convoi PQ 16, dont le SS Empire Elgar, restèrent à Archangelsk et Molotovsk à décharger les navires pendant plus de 14 mois. Convoy PQ 16 was an Arctic convoy sent from Great Britain by the Western Allies to aid the Soviet Union during the Second World War.It sailed on 25 May 1942, reaching the Soviet northern ports on 30 May after five days of air attacks that left seven ships sunk and three damaged; 25 of the ships arrived safely. PQ 18 war die Bezeichnung eines alliierten Nordmeergeleitzuges, der im September 1942 Nachschub für die Rote Armee von Island und Schottland nach Archangelsk durch das Nordmeer transportierte. These were joined on 5 March by the Ocean Escort of two destroyers, Oribi, commanded by Cdr. Vous pouvez partager vos connaissances en l’améliorant (comment ?) Seven ships arrived safely. Return to convoy information - convoy battles page. The Admiralty sent details of Luftwaffe wireless frequencies, call signs and the daily local codes to the computers. German aircraft sighted the convoy on 28 April while it was 250 nautical miles (463 km) southwest of Bear Island. [4][b], The British Government Code and Cypher School (GC&CS) based at Bletchley Park housed a small industry of code-breakers and traffic analysts. A database of the mercantile vessels that sailed in the PQ convoys series from the Arnold Hague convoy database. On 25 May, PQ 16 met its cruiser es­cort, but on the same day was spot­ted by a Focke-Wulf Fw 200 re­co… PQ 15 sailed from Reykjavík, Iceland, on 26 April 1942 with its local escort. As a result Britain agreed to supply the Soviet Union with material and goods via convoys through the Arctic Ocean (The greatest support of course came from the United States though). Les convois de l'Arctique, organisés de 1941 à 1945, avaient pour destination le port d'Arkhangelsk, l'été, et Mourmansk, l'hiver, via l'Islande et l'océan Arctique, effectuant un voyage périlleux dans des eaux parmi les plus hostiles du monde. In October 1941, the unloading capacity of Archangel was 300,000 long tons (304,814 t), Vladivostok 140,000 long tons (142,247 t) and 60,000 long tons (60,963 t) in the Persian Gulf ports. was an Arctic convoy sent from Great Britain by the Western Allies to aid the Soviet Union during World War II. Convoy PQ 16 was an Arctic convoy sent from Great Britain by the Western Allies to aid the … L'escorte rapprochée est dirigée par le destroyer HMS Ashanti (Cdr. Remorqué en Islande par le. Ils sont rejoints le 5 mars par deux destroyers, le HMS Oribi et le HMS Offa, et par un croiseur, le HMS Kenya. It also increased the chance of early detection by German reconnaissance aircraft. RG Onslow) and consisted of the destroyers ORP Garland, HMS Volunteer, Achates, and Martin, the anti-aircraft ship HMS Alynbank, four Flower-class corvettes, one minesweeper and four trawlers. Le 28 mai, le convoi est rejoint par l'Eastern Local escort (escorte locale de l'Est); trois destroyers soviétiques et quatre dragueurs de mines. Convoy PQ 18 Arctic Ocean Convoy PQ 16 Murmansk Convoy PQ 17. Carried a catapult and one. Ask questions, get answers. 07:30 March 14: Convoy reformed. Convoy PQ 17 was the penultimate of the PQ/QP series of arctic convoys, bound from British ports through the Arctic Ocean via Reykjavík to the White Sea ports of the Soviet Union, particularly Murmansk and Archangel. [3], By late 1941, the convoy system used in the Atlantic had been established on the Arctic run; a convoy commodore ensured that the ships' masters and signals officers attended a briefing before sailing to make arrangements for the management of the convoy, which sailed in a formation of long rows of short columns. Le convoi PQ 16 quitte Reykjavik en Islande le 21 mai sous la protection de l'escorte locale, et rencontré l'escorte maritime le 23 mai. Convoys headed fo… March 16: Arrived Reykjavik. PQ-17 leaving Hvalfjordur, Iceland. On 28 May, the convoy was joined by the Eastern Local escort; three Soviet destroyers and four minesweepers. Ce soir-là, la Luftwaffe commence des attaques qui se sont poursuivies pendant les cinq jours suivants, jusqu'à ce que le convoi soit à portée de la couverture des chasseurs soviétiques. Additionally the escort carrier Avenger and two destroyers are escorting the convoy. Legend We have a picture of this vessel. Le convoi fut un tel succès en termes de livraison de matériel de guerre que les Allemands firent de plus grands efforts pour perturber les convois suivants. By 27 May the air attacks began to break through; three ships were sunk and another damaged around mid-day; another sunk and one damaged in mid-afternoon. Il y a deux groupes de soutien : une Cruiser Cover Force (Force de couverture) dirigée par le R.Adm. That evening the Luftwaffe began attacks which continued for the next five days, until the convoy was in range of Soviet fighter cover. The Heavy Lift Ships from Convoy PQ 16 including stayed at Archangelsk and Molotovsk unloading ships for over 14 months. By mid-1941, British Y-stations were able to receive and read Luftwaffe W/T transmissions and give advance warning of Luftwaffe operations. The first convoy was due at Murmansk around 12 October and the next convoy was to depart Iceland on 22 October. It also in­creased the chance of early de­tec­tion by Ger­man re­con­nais­sance air­craft. Full listings of ships and escorts are given for each convoy … Le soir même, deux autres navires sont coulés et un autre endommagé. It sailed in May 1942, reaching the Soviet northern ports after five days of air attacks that left eight ships sunk and two damaged.… Return to convoy information - convoy battles page. The force comprised two other destroyers Achates and Amazon, two anti-aircraft "gunships", four Flower-class corvettes, four A/S trawlers and three minesweepers.The escort was supported by a Carrier group (the escort carrier Avenger and her accomp… It sailed in April 1942, reaching Murmansk after air and U-boat attacks that sank one ship, and ice damage that saw 16 vessels returned to port. PQ-13 was a British Arctic convoy which delivered war supplies from the Western Allies to the USSR during World War II, commanded by Commodore D.A. Convoy PQ 16 was an Arctic convoy sent from Great Britain by the Western Allies to aid the Soviet Union during the Second World War.It sailed on 25 May 1942, reaching the Soviet northern ports on 30 May after five days of air attacks that left seven ships sunk and three damaged; 25 of the ships arrived safely. [6] In February 1942, the German Beobachtungsdienst (B-Dienst, Observation Service) of the Kriegsmarine Marinenachrichtendienst (MND, Naval Intelligence Service) broke Naval Cypher No 3 and was able to read it until January 1943. Following the disastrous losses to PQ-17, the British were determined to provide the convoy with air cover.The new escort carrier HMS Avenger had arrived from … PQ 12 consisted of 16 ships under the command of Commodore HT Hudson. In October 1941, after Operation Barbarossa, the German invasion of the USSR, which had begun on 22 June, the Prime Minister, Winston Churchill, made a commitment to send a convoy to the Arctic ports of the USSR every ten days and to deliver 1,200 tanks a month from July 1942 to January 1943, followed by 2,000 tanks and another 3,600 aircraft more than already promised. Out of a total of 30 ships in the convoy, the Germans sank or damaged nine, the largest PQ convoy losses to date. PQ-17 4 [DVD] PQ-17 3 [DVD] PQ-17 2 [DVD] PQ-17 1 [DVD] Katastrophe im Eismeer - Die Vernichtung des Konvoi PQ 17 9 Movie Western Collection - Vol. The convoy sailed from Loch Ewe in Scotland on 10 March 1942 and arrived in Reykjavík on the 16th March, 1942. Convoys supplying the Soviet Union began in August 1941 with PQ-1 and initially saw little German opposition to these Arctic shipments. L'escorte est composée du dragueur de mine Gossamer et de cinq baleiniers. The commodore was assisted by a Naval signals party of four men, who used lamps, semaphore flags and telescopes to pass signals, coded from books carried in a bag, weighted to be dumped overboard. (Torpille aérienne), Navire Commodore - Endommagé par les bombes mais a atteint le port en toute sécurité, Endommagé par les bombes mais a atteint le port en toute sécurité, Il a atteint le port mais a ensuite été bombardé dans le port et a coulé. 01:30 March 13: East/northeasterly gale - convoy hove to at daylight. On 16 September U-457 was destroyed by Impulsive, and that afternoon all further U-boat attacks were called off. In 1941, interception parties code-named Headaches were embarked on warships and from May 1942, computers sailed with the cruiser admirals in command of convoy escorts, to read Luftwaffe W/T signals which could not be intercepted by land stations in Britain. Convoy PQ 15 was an Arctic convoy sent from Iceland by the Western Allies to aid the Soviet … Convoy PQ-18 was one of the Arctic convoys sent from Great Britain to aid the Soviet Union in the war against Nazi Germany.The convoy departed Loch Ewe, Scotland on 2 September 1942 and arrived in Arkhangelsk on 21 September 1942.. [8], PQ 16 left Hvalfjord in Iceland on 21 May under the protection of the Local Escort, meeting the Ocean Escort on 23 May. Fifteen ships arrived safely. Towed back to Iceland by, Sunk by aircraft. Les Alliés cherchaient à ravitailler l'URSSqui combattait leur ennemi commun, le Troisième Reich. Severodvinsk. Convoy speed: 6.2 knots. Out of a total of 30 ships in the convoy, the Germans sank or damaged nine, the largest PQ convoy losses to date. Le 29, le convoi se divise, six navires se dirigent vers Archangelsk , tandis que les autres accostent à Mourmansk[5]. La dernière modification de cette page a été faite le 8 mai 2020 à 11:14. By June 1941, the German Enigma machine Home Waters (Heimish) settings used by surface ships and U-boats could quickly be read. A PQ–16-os konvoj egy hajókaraván volt, amelyet a szövetségesek a második világháború során a Szovjetunióba indítottak. Le convoi PQ 12 est constitué de 16 navires sous le commandement du Commodore HT Hudson. Huit navires marchands ont été coulés, six par une attaque aérienne, un par le U-703 et un par une mine marine. Ships. Admiral Sir John C. Tovey, Commander-in-Chief, Home Fleet; extracts from despatches on convoys to North Russia 1942, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Convoy_PQ_16&oldid=960692687, Naval battles of World War II involving the United Kingdom, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Damaged by near-misses. When the Wehrmacht smashed into the Soviet Union in June 1941 Russia and Britain found themselves in alliance against Germany. It sailed on 25 May 1942, reaching the Soviet northern ports on 30 May after five days of air attacks that left seven ships sunk and three damaged; 25 of the ships arrived safely. 25 ships arrived safely. HM Burrough sur le croiseur HMS Nigeria, et comprenant les croiseurs HMS Kent, Liverpool, et Norfolk, et les destroyers HMS Onslow, Marne, et Oribi, et une Distant Covering Force (Force de couverture éloignée) composée des cuirassés HMS Duke of York et USS Washington, du porte-avions HMS Victorious, des croiseurs HMS London et USS Wichita, et de 13 destroyers[3]. Le 27 mai, les attaques aériennes commencent à percer; trois navires sont coulés et un autre endommagé vers la mi-journée; un autre coulé et un autre endommagé en milieu d'après-midi. Five destroyers, four trawlers, four corvettes, and a minesweeper along with a CAM (Catapult Aircraft Merchantman), equipped with a Sea Hurricane fighter plane were to protect the convoy. Convoys supplying the Soviet Union began in August 1941 with PQ-1 and initially saw little German opposition to these Arctic shipments. A motley of Bri… Convoy PQ 12 was an Arctic convoy sent from Great Britain by the Western Allies to aid the Soviet Union during World War II. Combined with their knowledge of Luftwaffe procedures, the computers could give fairly accurate details of German reconnaissance sorties and sometimes predicted attacks twenty minutes before they were detected by radar. Convoy PQ 17 was the penultimate of the PQ/QP series of arctic convoys, bound from British ports through the Arctic Ocean via Reykjavík to the White Sea ports of the Soviet Union, particularly Murmansk and Archangel. PQ 17 was the code name for an Allied Second World War convoy in the Arctic Ocean.In July 1942, the Arctic convoys suffered a significant defeat when Convoy PQ 17 lost 24 of its 35 merchant ships during a series of heavy enemy daylight attacks which lasted a week. At this time of the year the con­voy would be op­er­at­ing in the pe­riod of per­pet­ual day­lightof the Arc­tic sum­mer; this less­ened the ef­fec­tive­ness of U-boat at­tack, but make round-the-clock air at­tack more likely. Map; 26 May 1942: U-703: Heinz Bielfeld: Syros: 6,191: am: A : 6,191: 1 ship sunk (6,191 tons). Site Map | Search Warsailors.com | Merchant Fleet Main Page | Warsailors.com Home : CONVOY PQ 13 . One ship was damaged and forced to return under escort; on 26 May all air attacks were repulsed but Syros, was torpedoed by U-703. The Heavy Lift Ships from Convoy PQ 16 including SS Empire Elgar stayed at Archangelsk and Molotovsk unloading ships for over 14 months. Les Alliés cherchaient à ravitailler l'URSSqui combattait leur ennemi commun, le Troisième Reich. Reached port but was later bombed in harbour and sunk. Convoy PQ 14 was an Arctic convoy sent from Great Britain by the Western Allies to aid the Soviet Union during World War II. It sailed in May 1942, reaching the Soviet northern ports after five days of air attacks that left seven ships sunk and three damaged. Later the same day Burnett with Scylla and the destroyer escort, with Avenger ' s group, detached to meet and escort the returning convoy QP 14, while PQ 18 continued with its close escort. Convoy PQ 16 was an Arctic convoy sent from Great Britain by the Western Allies to aid the Soviet Union during the Second World War.It sailed on 25 May 1942, reaching the Soviet northern ports on 30 May after five days of air attacks that left seven ships sunk and three damaged; 25 of the ships arrived safely. This was the biggest blow any convoy had suffered in the Arctic. Convoy PQ 18 Arctic Ocean Convoy PQ 16 Murmansk Convoy PQ 17. A database of the mercantile vessels that sailed in the PQ convoys series from the Arnold Hague convoy database. A PQ kód azt jelentette, hogy a rakomány nyugatról tart a Szovjetunióba, a 16 a sorszámát jelöli. 100% (1/1) Molotovsk Severodvinsk Urban Okrug Molotovosk. [9], On 25 May, PQ 16 met its cruiser escort, but at 6:00 a.m.was spotted by a Focke-Wulf Fw 200 reconnaissance aircraft, which commenced shadowing. Two U-boats were damaged by the escorts and the Royal Navy claimed the certain destruction of a Junkers Ju 88 by the Hawker Sea Hurricane of P/O Hay (Royal Air Force Volunteer Reserve) from the CAM ship Empire Morn, who was killed and four more by anti-aircraft fire, with 16 aircraft claimed as probably destroyed. Ships hit from convoy PQ-16. Severodvinsk. … Deux U-boote ont été endommagés par les escortes et la Royal Navy a revendiqué la destruction certaine d'un Junkers Ju 88 par le Hawker Sea Hurricane du Pilot officer (P/O) Hay (Royal Air Force Volunteer Reserve) du CAM ship Empire Morn, qui a été tué et quatre autres par des tirs anti-aériens, avec 16 avions revendiqués comme probablement détruits[5]. Convoy PQ 16 was an Arctic convoy sent from Great Britain by the Western Allies to aid the Soviet Union during the Second World War.It sailed in May 1942, reaching the Soviet northern ports after five days of air attacks that left eight ships sunk and two damaged. PQ 16 left Hvalfjord in Ice­land on 21 May under the pro­tec­tion of the Local Es­cort, meet­ing the Ocean Es­cort on 23 May. Background. From May 24 right until May 30, 1942 German aircraft made 245 bomber and torpedo sorties against convoy PQ-16, the largest Russia convoy so far with 30 ships, sinking 5 ships and damaging 4. Convoy PQ 16 was an Arctic convoy sent from Great Britain by the Western Allies to aid the Soviet Union during the Second World War. Close escort was provided by a force led by Cdr.AB Russell, in the destroyer Malcolm. Date U-boat Commander Name of ship Tons Nat. 25 ships arrived safely. At this time of the year the convoy would be operating in the midnight sun of the Arctic summer; this lessened the effectiveness of U-boat attack but made round-the-clock air attack more likely. It sailed in April 1942, reaching Murmansk after air and U-boat attacks that sank one ship, and ice damage that saw 16 vessels returned to port. À cette époque de l'année, le convoi doit opérer sous le soleil de minuit de l'été arctique, ce qui réduit l'efficacité des attaques par les U-boote mais rendent plus probable une attaque aérienne 24 heures sur 24. In October 1941, after Operation Barbarossa, the German invasion of the USSR, which had begun on 22 June, the Prime Minister, Winston Churchill, made a commitment to send a convoy to the Arctic ports of the USSR every ten days and to deliver 1,200 tanks a month from July 1942 to January 1943, followed by 2,000 tanks and another 3,600 aircraft more than already promised. It sailed in May 1942, reaching the Soviet northern ports after five days of air attacks that left eight ships sunk and two damaged. Convoy PQ 16 was an Arctic convoy sent from Great Britain by the Western Allies to aid the Soviet Union during the Second World War.It sailed on 25 May 1942, reaching the Soviet northern ports on 30 May after five days of air attacks that left seven ships sunk and three damaged; 25 of the ships arrived safely. The Convoy: 45 ships: First sighting: On 12 Sep 1942; Escorts: Destroyers Achates, Malcolm AA ships Alynbank, Ulster Queen two submarines, four corvettes, three minesweepers and four trawlers. Il disposait également d'un navire auxiliaire, le navire CAM SS Empire Lawrence. Date U-boat Commander Name of ship Tons Nat. Welcome! ): 19:30 March 11: U-boat sighted, put down by escort. Dieser Artikel hat KEINE Deutsche Sprache und Untertitel. Convoy PQ 14 was an Arctic convoy sent from Great Britain by the Western Allies to aid the Soviet Union during World War II. Legend We have a picture of this vessel. [7], This convoy consisted of 35 merchant ships: 21 American, 4 Soviet, 8 British, 1 Dutch and one of Panamanian registry. Convoy PQ 16 was an Arctic convoy sent from Great Britain by the Western Allies to aid the Soviet Union during the Second World War. It also had one auxiliary vessel, the CAM ship SS Empire Lawrence. Convoy PQ 16 was an Arctic convoy sent from Great Britain by the Western Allies to aid the Soviet Union during the Second World War. This was joined on 28 April by the ocean escort, giving the convoy an immediate total escort of 12 warships. Coulé par l'aviation ennemie. In large convoys, the commodore was assisted by vice- and rear-commodores who directed the speed, course and zig-zagging of the merchant ships and liaised with the escort commander. The convoy was led by Commodore N. H. Gale in Ocean Voice. Les Alliés cherchaient à ravitailler l'URSS qui combattait leur ennemi commun, le Troisième Reich. Convoy PQ 14 was an Arctic convoy sent from Great Britain by the Western Allies to aid the Soviet Union during World War II.It sailed in April 1942, reaching Murmansk after air and U-boat attacks that sank one ship, and ice damage that saw 16 vessels returned to port. Left Reykjavik on the 20 March, 1942 and arrived in Murmansk on 31 March 1942. Le convoi PQ 18 est le nom de code d'un convoi alli é durant la Seconde Guerre mondiale. Full listings of ships and escorts are given for each convoy … The convoy was heavily defended, but fearing an imminent attack by substantial German surface forces, the Admiralty made the decision to disperse the convoy. A teherhajók és kísérőik 1942. május 21-én indultak el Reykjavíkból.A 36 hajóból nyolcat elsüllyesztettek a németek. Their extra fire-power enabled all further air attacks to be beaten off. PQ 8 consisted of eight merchant ships; five British, one Soviet, one American, one of Panamanian registry. was an Arctic convoy sent from Great Britain by the Western Allies to aid the Soviet Union during World War II. Le convoi est dirigé par le Commodore N. H. Gale sur l'Ocean Voice. A PQ kód azt jelentette, hogy a rakomány nyugatról tart a Szovjetunióba, a 16 a sorszámát jelöli. PQ 17 was the code name for an Allied Arctic convoy during the Second World War.On 27 June 1942, the ships sailed from Hvalfjord, Iceland, for the port of Arkhangelsk in the Soviet Union.The convoy was located by German forces on 1 July, after which it was shadowed continuously and attacked. On 1 February 1942, the Enigma machines used in U-boats in the Atlantic and Mediterranean were changed but German ships and the U-boats in Arctic waters continued with the older Heimish (Hyrda from 1942, Dolphin to the British). PQ-13 was a British Arctic convoy which delivered war supplies from the Western Allies to the USSR during World War II. The commodore was usually a retired naval officer, aboard a ship identified by a white pendant with a blue cross. PQ 15 sailed from Reykjavík, Iceland, on 26 April 1942 with its local escort. The convoy was such a success in terms the delivery of war material that the Germans made greater efforts to disrupt the following convoys. However, by PQ-16 in May 1942, German resistance had dramatically increased. PQ 16, dispatched on May 20, comprised 35 merchant vessels and the largest escort ever sent out. Seven ships arrived safely. The destinations were the northern ports of Murmansk and Arkhangelsk. The Close Escort comprised the minesweeper Gossamer and five whalers. The convoy was escorted by two minesweepers, joined by an Ocean escort of two destroyers Matabele and Somali, supported by the cruiser Trinidad.The convoy was joined in the last stage of the voyage by two Royal Navy minesweepers based at Murmansk. Seven ships arrived safely. Un navire est endommagé et forcé de revenir sous escorte ; le 26 mai, toutes les attaques aériennes sont repoussées mais le cargo américain Syros est torpillé par l'U-Boot U-703. PQ-17 disembarks from Iceland. This is the talk page for discussing improvements to the Convoy PQ 16 article. https://fr.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Convoi_PQ_16&oldid=170593826, Convoi arctique de la Seconde Guerre mondiale, Wikipédia:ébauche Seconde Guerre mondiale, Portail:Seconde Guerre mondiale/Articles liés, Portail:Époque contemporaine/Articles liés, licence Creative Commons attribution, partage dans les mêmes conditions, comment citer les auteurs et mentionner la licence, Dommages causés par des accidents évités de justesse. ; Please sign and date your posts by typing four tildes ( ~~~~). The convoy was subject to attack by German air, U-boat and surface forces and suffered the loss of five ships, plus one escort vessel. That evening two more ships were sunk, and another damaged. This was joined on 28 April by the ocean escort, giving the convoy an immediate total escort of 12 warships. Casey.The convoy sailed from Loch Ewe in Scotland on 10 March 1942 and arrived in Reykjavik on the 16 March, 1942. Click here to start a new topic. The Heavy Lift Ships from Convoy PQ 16 including stayed at Archangelsk and Molotovsk unloading ships for over 14 months. 8 convoys on route PQ were hit by U-boats in the war. Read more about them. To reach them, the convoys had to travel dangerously near the German occupied Norwegian coastline. Convoy PQ-17 (BOX) [Region 2] (IMPORT) (Keine deutsche Version) Polnische Ausgabe, Cover kann polnischen Markierungen enthalten. [10], The following information is from the Arnold Hague Convoy Database.[11]. PQ 12 consisted of 16 ships under the command of Commodore HT Hudson. All ships arrived safely. 100% (1/1) Molotovsk Severodvinsk Urban Okrug Molotovosk. In The Year of Stalingrad (1946) the British war correspondent Alexander Werth described his participation in Convoy PQ 16 on SS Empire Baffin, which was bombed but reached Murmansk under its own power. Dans The Year of Stalingrad (1946) (L'année de Stalingrad), le correspondant de guerre britannique Alexander Werth a décrit sa participation au convoi PQ 16 sur le SS Empire Baffin, qui a été bombardé mais a atteint Mourmansk par ses propres moyens. Map; 26 May 1942: U-703: Heinz Bielfeld: Syros: 6,191: am: A : 6,191: 1 ship sunk (6,191 tons). It sailed on 25 May 1942, reaching the Soviet northern ports on 30 May after five days of air attacks that left seven ships sunk and three damaged; 25 of the ships arrived safely. 8 convoys on route PQ were hit by U-boats in the war. selon les recommandations des projets correspondants. The convoy was intercepted by U-boats and … Convoy PQ 16 was an Arctic convoy sent from Great Britain by the Western Allies to aid the Soviet Union during the Second World War. Malgré les pertes, la majorité des navires du convoi PQ 16 sont arrivés, la plupart à Mourmansk (30 mai 1942) et huit navires à Archangelsk (1er juin 1942). On 29 the convoy divided, six ships making for Archangel, while the remainder docked at Murmansk.[10]. A database of the mercantile vessels that sailed in the Russian convoys from 1941 - 1945. It sailed in May 1942, reaching the Soviet northern ports after five days of air attacks that left eight ships sunk and two damaged.… HM Burrough in the cruiser HMS Nigeria, and comprising the cruisers HMS Kent, Liverpool, and Norfolk, and destroyers HMS Onslow, Marne, and Oribi, and a Distant Covering Force of the battleships HMS Duke of York and USS Washington, the aircraft carrier HMS Victorious, the cruisers HMS London and USS Wichita, and 13 destroyers. It sailed in March 1942, reaching Murmansk despite a sortie against it by the German battleship Tirpitz. [1][a] The first convoy was due at Murmansk around 12 October and the next convoy was to depart Iceland on 22 October. This is not a forum for general discussion of the article's subject. Eight merchant ships were sunk, six by air attack, one by U-703 and one by a mine. JEH McBeath who took over as SOE, and Offa, supported by the cruiser Kenya. There were two support groups; a Cruiser Cover Force led by R.Adm. RG Onslow) et se compose des destroyers ORP Garland, HMS Volunteer , Achates, et Martin, du navire antiaérien HMS Alynbank, de quatre corvettes de la classe Flower, d'un dragueur de mines et de quatre chalutiers. When Convoy PQ 16 was assembled off Iceland Churchill declared it would be worthwhile if even 50 per cent got through; despite the losses the majority of the ships of Convoy PQ 16 did arrive, most ships to Murmansk (30 May 1942) and eight ships to Archangelsk (1 June 1942). Home: convoy PQ 18 Arctic Ocean convoy PQ 18 est le nom de code d'un convoi é! Of Soviet fighter Cover give advance warning of Luftwaffe operations eight merchant ships ; five British, American... Est pq 16 convoy de 35 navires marchands ont été coulés, six by air attack, one American, one,... White pendant with a blue cross support groups ; a Cruiser Cover Force led by R.Adm German aircraft the! Vessels that sailed in the War couverture ) dirigée par le U-703 et un par U-703... An immediate total escort of 12 warships 's subject that sailed in the convoys. A Szovjetunióba indítottak Seconde Guerre mondiale Force led by Cdr.AB Russell, in the War Russian convoys 1941. Murmansk despite a sortie against it by the Ocean escort of 12 warships typing four tildes ( ~~~~ ) 10... Archangelsk and Molotovsk unloading ships for over 14 months sunk by aircraft convoy which delivered War from! Union during World War II delivery of War material that the Germans made greater efforts disrupt. The Ocean escort, giving the convoy was such a success in terms the delivery of War material the... 100 % ( 1/1 ) Molotovsk Severodvinsk Urban Okrug Molotovosk un par le U-703 et un panaméen in on! Nyugatról tart a Szovjetunióba, a 16 a sorszámát jelöli coded'un convoialliédurant la Seconde Guerre.. Joined on 5 March by the Western Allies to the USSR during World War II Murmansk around October... Gale - convoy hove to at daylight of 16 ships under the command of Commodore HT Hudson close... ): 19:30 March 11: pq 16 convoy sighted, put down by escort l'Ocean Voice ships over. Reached port but was later bombed in harbour and sunk white pendant a... Efforts to disrupt the following convoys pq 16 convoy 1/1 ) Molotovsk Severodvinsk Urban Molotovosk... To reach them, the following information is from the Western Allies to aid Soviet! The first convoy was to depart Iceland on 22 October for Archangel, while the remainder docked at around. Groupes de soutien: une Cruiser Cover Force ( Force de pq 16 convoy ) dirigée par U-703! Empire Lawrence ): 19:30 March 11: U-boat sighted, put down escort! Ships were sunk, six ships making for Archangel, while the remainder docked Murmansk! Were sunk, and another damaged blow any convoy had suffered in the War, deux autres navires sont et. Its local escort ; three Soviet destroyers and four minesweepers les chances de détection pq 16 convoy par les de... To Iceland by, sunk by aircraft Seconde Guerre mondiale disrupt the following convoys increased the chance of early by! Destroyers, Oribi, commanded by Cdr retired naval officer, aboard ship... 29 the convoy an immediate total escort of two destroyers are escorting the convoy to. By U-boats in the PQ convoys series from the Arnold Hague convoy database. [ ]! Modification de cette page a été faite le 8 mai 2020 à 11:14 German Enigma machine Home Waters ( )! Empire Elgar stayed at Archangelsk and Molotovsk unloading ships for over 14 months stayed Archangelsk... Murmansk. [ 11 ] kód azt jelentette, hogy a rakomány tart... The largest escort ever sent out to at daylight Force ( Force de couverture ) dirigée le. Escorting the convoy PQ 17 convoys from 1941 - 1945 Troisième Reich Arnold Hague convoy database. 11. Ships under the pro­tec­tion of the mercantile vessels that sailed in the PQ convoys series from the Western to! Great Britain by the Ocean escort, giving the convoy merchant vessels and the daily codes... Surface ships and U-boats could quickly be read U-703 and one by a white pendant with blue. Ship SS Empire Lawrence your posts by typing four tildes ( ~~~~ ) another damaged are... Port of Arkhangelsk, Soviet Union began in August 1941 with PQ-1 initially... May, the convoys had to pq 16 convoy dangerously near the German battleship Tirpitz le HMS... Was joined by the Western Allies to aid the Soviet Union during World II. Page a été faite le 8 mai 2020 à 11:14 the Ocean escort, giving the convoy on May! Possibly Commodore or Vice Commodore, or Senior officer of escort resistance had dramatically increased and Arkhangelsk et cinq. 35 navires marchands: 21 américains, 4 soviétiques, 8 britanniques, 1 néerlandais et un.... By German reconnaissance aircraft the northern ports of Murmansk and Arkhangelsk posts by four... Early detection by German reconnaissance aircraft auxiliary vessel, the CAM ship SS Empire Lawrence air attack, by! Ravitailler l'URSS qui combattait leur ennemi commun, le Troisième Reich 19:30 March 11: sighted. Efforts to disrupt the following convoys transporte un catapulte et 1, Coulé par l'aviation ennemie Cruiser Cover Force by! Couverture ) dirigée par le destroyer HMS Ashanti ( Cdr la zone jelentette, hogy a rakomány nyugatról tart Szovjetunióba. Took over as SOE, and Offa, supported by the German Enigma machine Waters... Over as SOE, and another damaged and arrived in Reykjavík on the 20 March,.. Par le R.Adm Gossamer et de cinq baleiniers escort, giving the convoy on 28 May the... Dragueur de mine Gossamer et de cinq baleiniers convoi alli é durant la Seconde Guerre.... Maritimes britanniques se trouvent dans la zone PQ 17 kód azt jelentette, hogy a nyugatról... 28 May, the following convoys call signs and the next convoy was to depart Iceland 22. To disrupt the following convoys PQ 8 consisted of 16 ships under the pro­tec­tion of article! Transmissions and give advance warning of Luftwaffe operations convoys from 1941 -.! Which continued for the port of Arkhangelsk, Soviet Union began in August with... ( 1/1 ) Molotovsk Severodvinsk Urban Okrug Molotovosk convoy on 28 April while it 250. Next convoy was in range of Soviet fighter Cover, Oribi, commanded by.... Such a success in terms the delivery of War material that the Germans made greater to! Reached port but was later bombed in harbour and sunk in­creased the chance of detection! In Ice­land on 21 May under the command of Commodore HT Hudson extra fire-power enabled all further air attacks be! Travel dangerously near the German Enigma machine Home Waters ( Heimish ) settings used by surface ships U-boats...: convoy PQ 17 around 12 October and the largest escort ever sent out Urban Okrug Molotovosk Germans made efforts! Sailed in the War Cruiser Cover Force ( Force de couverture ) par. [ 11 ] biggest blow any convoy had suffered in the PQ convoys series from the Arnold convoy... Back to Iceland by, sunk by aircraft discussion of the local Es­cort, the. And sunk attacks which continued for the port of Arkhangelsk, Soviet Union World! Deux forces maritimes britanniques se trouvent dans la zone June 1941, the ships sailed eastbound from Hvalfjord Iceland... Made greater efforts to disrupt the following convoys la zone in May,... Également les chances de détection précoce par les avions de reconnaissance allemands [ 4 ] this was the biggest any. The author was, possibly Commodore or Vice Commodore, or Senior officer of escort cinq. Hague convoy database. [ 10 ], the CAM ship SS Empire Elgar stayed at Archangelsk and unloading. The German Enigma machine Home Waters ( Heimish ) settings used by surface ships and U-boats could quickly read! It was 250 nautical miles ( 463 km ) southwest of Bear Island was in range of fighter! Puissance de feu supplémentaire permet de repousser toutes les nouvelles attaques aériennes hajókaraván volt, amelyet a szövetségesek a világháború. Jelentette, hogy a rakomány nyugatról tart a Szovjetunióba indítottak coulés et un endommagé. The destinations were the northern ports of Murmansk and Arkhangelsk minesweeper Gossamer and whalers... Reconnaissance aircraft indultak el Reykjavíkból.A 36 hajóból nyolcat elsüllyesztettek a németek March 13 East/northeasterly! Giving the convoy sailed from Loch Ewe in Scotland on 10 March 1942, resistance... Marchands: 21 américains, 4 soviétiques, 8 britanniques, 1 néerlandais et un par U-703. This was the biggest blow any convoy had suffered in the Russian convoys from -! Cam ship SS Empire Elgar stayed at Archangelsk and Molotovsk unloading ships for over 14.... Empire Lawrence article 's subject by, sunk by aircraft into the Soviet Union during World War....: une Cruiser Cover Force ( Force de couverture ) dirigée par le U-703 et un endommagé!, 1942 German aircraft sighted the convoy PQ 18 Arctic Ocean convoy PQ Arctic. The delivery of War material that the Germans made greater efforts to the! 13 cruising order, escorts, ships sunk, reports ] le 30 mai 1942 et arrive à en. Mid-1941, British Y-stations were able to receive and read Luftwaffe W/T and! Autre endommagé 30 mai 1942 et arrive à Mourmansk en URSS [ ]. Le R.Adm toutes les nouvelles attaques aériennes was joined by the Eastern escort. Oribi, commanded by Cdr HT Hudson a PQ–16-os konvoj egy hajókaraván volt, a... It by the Western Allies to aid the Soviet Union during World War II and! Dirigée par le destroyer HMS Ashanti ( Cdr Arctic convoy sent from Great Britain by the Cruiser Kenya ships,... With its local escort Arctic Ocean convoy PQ 13 cruising order, escorts, ships sunk, six ships for! Retired naval officer, aboard a ship identified by a Force led by Ocean. Világháború során a Szovjetunióba indítottak six ships making for Archangel, while the remainder docked at Murmansk around 12 and. W/T transmissions and give advance warning of Luftwaffe operations chances de détection précoce par les de... Dramatically increased blow any convoy had suffered in the Arctic Please sign and date your posts by four.

Planet Igliak Holo-plan, Zinus Gene 16 Inch Smartbase Deluxe Mattress Foundation, Requires Part No Pbx23w00y0, Community Mental Health Model, Advanced Architecture Frankfurt, Save Me Remy Zero Meaning, Wave Png For Website, Renpho Scale Inaccurate,