importance of mangroves in mumbai

02/12/2020
importance of mangroves in mumbai

PATHAK: It's a common story across Mumbai. SEEMA ADGAONKAR: Yeah. An image of the vast stretch of mangroves at Charkop | © DLS/WikiCommons, By Patrice78500 (Own work) [GFDL (http://www.gnu.org/copyleft/fdl.html) or CC BY-SA 3.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0)], via Wikimedia Commons, © 2013 The Mangrove Cell, Maharashtra Forest Department. Kumar. PATHAK: "Mangroves are like soldiers, guarding the coast from rising seas," she says. Like many coastal cities around the world, India's financial capital Mumbai is being threatened by climate change. Back at the mangrove nursery, Seema Adgaonkar, the former forest ranger, says Mumbai needs many, many more people like Pawar if its mangroves are to … Important mangrove sites along India's coast are the Sundarbans in West Bengal, Bhitarkanika in Orissa, Chilka lake in Orissa, the deltas of Godavari and Krishna and Pulicat along the east coast, and Vembanad in Kerala, Kundapur in Karnataka, Honnavar in Karnataka, Malvan in … These can be spotted along locations such as the Vasai creek, Thane creek, Manori, Malad, Mahim, Bandra, Versova, Sewri, Mumbra–Diva, Gorai and Ghodbunder. Mumbai mangroves can provide a large base for research opportunities for researchers in Botany, Flora and Fauna of Mumbai coastline studies. Mumbai's mangroves — a defense against floods and climate change — are endangered by urbanization. PATHAK: "If mangroves are saved," she says, "Mumbai will be saved.". About 40 ha of these newly-protected areas are along the Mithi river, which is choked by illegal construction. Earlier, major Industrial wastes used to be dumped into the Sea. In Maharashtra, ongoing efforts to protect mangroves, both public and private, have been exemplary. Mangroves act as natural buffers against flood surges by absorbing impact and breaking the flow of water. Young people in Mumbai are taking action to protect the city's vanishing mangrove forests. The … Why Mumbai Needs More Mangroves . Related Program: Covering an area of 2,000 hectares, Vikhroli’s mangroves form one of the largest private mangrove forests in Maharashtra (managed by the Godrej Foundation since the 1940s). But urbanization is putting those trees in danger. SUSHMITA PATHAK, BYLINE: There's so many different types of mangroves here. The Government of Maharashtra constituted the “Mangrove Cell” in 2012 and the “Mumbai Mangrove Conservation Unit” in 2013 to protect mangroves in and near Mumbai and changed the status of mangrove forests on government land from “protected forests” to “reserved forests”. Vanashakti collected 300 kg of garbage from 200 acres of mangrove forests in Bhandup. However, there is little quantitative scientific data to back this up. Vanashakti was a part of a restoration programme launched by state of Maharashtra which involved plantation of mangroves over 60 hectares across the city of Mumbai. Others are smaller shrubs. But a forest ranger is educating citizens on the value of the trees, hoping to save them. All rights reserved. According to the Mangrove Society of India (MSI), the mangroves in Airoli and Vikhroli are counted among the 12 unique mangrove forests in the country. They store four times as much carbon as other forests, which can mitigate the effects of climate change. It may, therefore, not come as a surprise that Mumbai has a special mangrove cell, which works with the Brihanmumbai Municipal Corporation (BMC) to make the residents more aware of the city’s mangroves. But in those floods, he realized how important they are for human survival. V. MANGROVE DESTRUCTION IN MUMBAI Rapid developments like housing, industrialization, pollution and increasing population of Mumbai has resulted into degradation of mangroves. By editor • Nov 24, 2019 . Mumbai has some 20 million residents. Mangrove forests have historically been overlooked in Mumbai, the study said. In Mumbai, mangroves are found in many creeks in Konkan region such as Jaitapur, Malvan etc. The bullet train is expected to destroy at least 30,000 mangroves. UNIDENTIFIED PERSON: The dream of a developed India - India's first high-speed rail that will connect Mumbai to Ahmedabad... PATHAK: India's first bullet train is a source of national pride. It was the British who, upon realizing the strategic and commercial importance of the islands of the Arabian Sea, ordered for the clearing of the mangroves that rimmed the once-separated islands … Mangroves also help prevent erosion by stabilizing sediments with their tangled root systems. PATHAK: Seema Adgaonkar gives me a tour of the different mangrove varieties that used to be found in the wild in Mumbai. They alert Pawar if they spot anyone dumping garbage or encroaching on mangrove areas, and he calls the authorities. Like many coastal cities around the world, India's financial capital Mumbai is being threatened by climate change. PATHAK: The city has been doing this for decades. A few months earlier, protests were held in Mumbai to criticise the exploitation of wetlands and felling down of mangroves for ambitious construction schemes. Mangroves are flood buffers and they also help in stabilizing the climate by moderating temperature, humidity, wind and even waves. He points to their water source, a small channel blocked with construction debris from a highway that's being built. This is home to more than 16 mangrove species, 82 butterfly … Mumbai has set aside 224 hectares (ha) of mangroves as reserve forests. Worldwide mangroves are fast depleting but because of the conservation order, Mumbai and its neighboring areas now boast of more than 5,800 hectares of mangrove land which is protected and will protect the city in future. Roots of the Water World Mangrove forests have a unique character of floating foliage and roots. Mangroves are essential to maintaining water quality. (PTI/File Photo) Environmentalists have reiterated the importance of mangroves in preventing flooding, a day after rain lashed the city. Apart from playing a critical role in maintaining the city’s ecological balance by preventing soil erosion and reclaiming land from the sea, these hearty and mucky forests also help to generate income for the city’s traditional fishing community of the Kolis. Mumbai’s mangroves. In the 1980s, it cleared one of its largest mangrove forests to build a commercial hub. By editor • Nov 24, 2019 . Some estimates say 70% of the city's mangroves have been lost to development. Mumbai: People make their way through a flooded street during heavy rains in Mumbai on Tuesday. But all of them have these very characteristic aerial roots. It is the only state to have a dedicated cell for mangrove protection. They actually protect the land from the impact of the sea. There are two important creeks, Vasai Creek towards … NANDAKUMAR PAWAR: And that was truly eye-opening incident for me and my community. In 2015, United Way Mumbai (UWM) launched the Mission Mangroves campaign, with the aim to restore Mumbai's depleted mangrove cover, which serves as a protective shield from natural disasters like floods, cyclones, tsunamis, etc. KUMAR: Free water flow from the channel there - they stopped it for expansion of the highway. You may even be lucky enough to spot rare migratory birds too. Thousands of acres of velvety green mangroves line the border between the Arabian sea and the city of Mumbai in western India. Even though millions of Mumbaikars pass by mangroves daily, very little is known about the city’s few remaining mangroves. The Cell is headquartered in Mumbai and headed by a Chief Conservator of Forests. B N KUMAR: Very sad to see these mangroves dying like this. Being a fisherman, I know the importance and values of mangroves. NPR transcripts are created on a rush deadline by Verb8tm, Inc., an NPR contractor, and produced using a proprietary transcription process developed with NPR. These half-fish and half-tree beings also find a mention in the Puranas and Tamil mythology – it is believed that many of the accessories that adorned the God Shiva, including the serpents worn as jewelry and the tiger-skin shawl, were acquired in the mangrove (thillai) forests of Pichavaram in South India, a telling tale of how bountiful mangroves really are. Visit our website terms of use and permissions pages at www.npr.org for further information. Back at the mangrove nursery, Seema Adgaonkar, the former forest ranger, says Mumbai needs many, many more people like Pawar if its mangroves are to survive. Destroy at least 30,000 mangroves Mumbai nestled in 2,000 acres of mangroves.... Species of fish is headquartered in Mumbai have taken a step that is towards! 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